Islam began in Mecca, claimed to be the revelation of God (Allah through the angel Gabriel to a man named Muhammad. Muhammad was born in approximately 570 AD. He was born to the powerful tribe of the Quaraih in Mekkah (Mecca). His mother's name was Aminah.
Apparently Abdullah was a merchant who made caravan trips. He died on a trading trip soon after his marriage to Aminah, leaving Muhammad fatherless at birth. Aminah, his mother , died when he was only six years old. Muhammad was taken in by his grandfather, only to have him die when Muhammad was only eight years old. At this time, his uncle, Abu Talib, one of the leaders of the Quaraish tribe, took him in and raised him.
Muhammad was taught the family business and apparently became quite successful. A wealthy widow named Khadijah arranged for Muhammad to oversee her trading business, and was so impressed with his skill and appearance that she proposed marriage to him. Muhammad was twenty -five and Khadijah was forty when they married. They had six children, two boys and four girls. Both of the sons died early in life. The daughters lived to see Muhammad become the founder of Islam.
Having married the wealthy Khadijah, Muhammad became a gentleman of leisure and somewhat of a philosopher. He would retreat from society, take trips into the desert and mountains. He would spend his hours in meditating, greatly concerned about the condition of the civilization he saw around himself. He had a personal mission to find "truth". One of his frequent places of seclusion was a cave on Mount Nur. It was while in this cave, during the month of the Ramadan, a pagan festival, that he received his first visitation from Gabriel and recited the verses found in Qur'an 96: 1-5.
. At first, Muhammad shared his new revelations with only his family and close friends. During the next three years the message of Muhammad quietly spread among the people of Mikkah, especially among the youth. Then Muhammad is believed to have received instructions from Allah to go public with his message and openly condemn the paganism and idolatry of Mekkah. This open condemnation of idolatry became an economic threat to the prosperity of Mekkah, and as a consequence, organized opposition to Muhammad and Islam began. at this point, Islam was politically weak, and many Muslims died for their faith.
Persecutions became so great that many Muslims fled to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) for refuge. When Mekkan delegates tried to extradite them, after hearing the Muslim's defense, the ruler refused their extradition on the basis that his faith was similar to theirs , and he could not allow them to be harmed.
Muhammad continued to proclaim his message, and his following slowly grew. At one point, in 621, a group of delegates from Madinah (Medina) responded to his call and made a covenant with Muhammad and declared themselves to be Muslims.
A year later in 622, some seventy people from Madinah made a similar declaration and pledged to flee to protect Muhammad against any and all odds. This pledge or covenant from some who were leaders of Madinah was a turning point for Islam. It provided Muslims with a secure base of operations and allowed them to expand from it.
Muhammad commanded the Muslims in Mekkah to migrate to Madinah. After some struggle, Medina was declared to be wholly a Muslim community. For thirteen years, Muhammad had preached in Mekkah with minimal success. He had followed a quiet, nonpolitical approach and merely preached.
Now, however, his tactics changed. he established himself as a religious, political and military leader. Under his guidance, the community of believers became more important than family or tribe. Islam began to be spread though intimidation and force. Entire tribes and cities were "converted" under threat of war or by conquest. Success led to greater success. In the year 630, eight years after he had been forced to leave Mekkah, Muhammad returned with such an overwhelming force that the Mekkans made no resistance. Muhammad's forces destroyed all the idols of Mekkah, and declared the Kabah to be the place of worship for Allah.
With the subjugation of Mekkah, Islam became the power on the Arabian peninsula. Tribe after tribe, city after city declared allegiance to Islam and it's prophet. They were given no choice. Muhammad returned to Madinah and continued to rule his kingdom there. Muhammad died in 632 at the age of sixty-three. In twenty-three years he was able to establish a religion and social order that is still dominant in the Arab world today.
With Muhammad's death, Islam continued to flourish under the leadership of Muhammad's companions. The first Caliph (successor to the prophet - Kalifah) was his father-in-law and long time friend., Abu Bakr. In his two years of leadership, Abu Bakr consolidated Islamic influence over the entire Arabian peninsula.
The second caliph was Umar. He was in power from 634 to 644. under Umar, Syria, Mesopotamia, Egypt and Pesia were added to the growing list of Islamic subjects. Others followed, continually expanding the borders of Islam. Under the leadership of the Kalifahs, Islam spread into Europe, Africa and Asia. The caliphate lasted centuries, shifting from one dynasty to another, but always claiming the religious right to lead. Eventually the califphate evolved into the Ottomon Empire which lasted until the early 20th century.
Islam spread as a social system, a political system, and a religious system which was spread by force of arms. That was its philosophy in the beginning , and it is still the philosophy of Islam today.
Today Islam is one of the world's dominant religions, and claim as much as one fifth of the world's population.
Islam claims to be a united religion with no division. However, one does not have to be an astute observer to realize that Islam is, in reality, fragmented into many different branches, some of which are militantly hostile to each other. There is no unity among Muslims as they would have us believe. Two prominent groups, the Shiites and Sunnites had their origins around 660 over who was the legitimate caliph. Other sects followed.
With the end of the colonial system, Islamic states were given their autonomy again. With the wealth from petro-dollars, Islam as a religion is being successfully spread over the world. Islam is one of the greatest opponents in existence to the gospel of Jesus Christ today, and is one of the fastest growing religions in the USA a well as in the world.
1. THE GODHEAD
There is no Godhead. Qur'an 5:76.
2. THE DEITY OF JESUS CHRIST,
The Qur'an denies the divinity of Jesus.
3. MIRACULOUS CONCEPTION OF JESUS
Islam argues that Christians believe God had a carnal relationship with Mary in order to conceive Jesus. The Qur'an says that Jesus was conceived by the power of God as well, but Muslims refuse to see the parallel because of the terminology, "Son of God." Qur'an 72:3-4
The Qur'an teaches that a man may have more than one wife. In reality, there is no limit as to the number of bed partners he may have in his household.
5. THE QUR'AN IS FROM GOD
The Qur'an contends that both the Bible and the Qur'an are from God. Modern Muslims, however, contend that the Bible as we have it is no longer pure and uncorrupted.
6. THE QUR'AN AN APPEALS TO THE FLESHLY NATURE OF MAN
. The nature of heaven as depicted in the Qur'an is fleshly and appeals to the appetites of the flesh. This is the nature of the promises to the faithful in heaven. Its appeal is to the lower or bae nature of man.
7. TREATMENT OF PERSONAL ENEMIES
Under certain circumstance, the Qur'an advocates personal retaliation and vengeance for wrongs done to you or your cause.
8. TREATMENT OF SPIRITUAL ENEMIES
The Qur'an teaches that those who actively or militantly oppose their Faith are to be defeated or destroyed.
9. TREATEMENT OF NATIONAL ENEMIES
Because the Qur'an also contains civil law, it makes provision for warfare against an enemy state.
1. The Bible teaches there is a Godhead.
2 Corinthians 13:14
2. The Bible affirms the divine nature of Jesus.
3.. The Bible tells us that Jesus was conceived by the power of God.
4. The Bible teaches that God's plan for marriage is one man and one woman until separated by death. When a man and woman marry, they become one flesh.
5.The Bible claims there is no other gospel or message from God, and that if an angel or any man preaches and other ("divine" message or gospel) he is cursed.
II John 9-10
The two books contradict each other, and God is NOT the author of confusion and disorder.
I Corinthians 14:33
The Bible presents a higher standard and nature of man.
6. The Bible's appeal is not to the fleshly, but to the spiritual and to the love of God.
I Peter 1:3-4
The Bible makes appeal to the higher nature of man, after the likeness of God Who is Spirit, not flesh.
7. The teachings of Jesus Christ and His inspired apostles is that vengeance is NOT the work of man. but belongs to God.
8. The Bible teaches that man should endure persecutions and overcome enemies with love and kindness.
I Peter 3:14-16
9: The Bible says the teaching of Jesus is the creed or law for His spiritual kingdom. As such, no provision is made for punishment or fighting against "national enemies."